智赢托福一对一 名师在线 助力梦想 托福每月考前直播点题 托福早练团 带你早起带你飞 新东方2015年托福考试真题解析
托福考试分为阅读、听力、口语、写作四部分。写作部分具体怎么考呢?通过下面这张信息图,你就可以看明白啦!

托福作文部分包括两道试题,需在大约50分钟的时间内完成。

第一部分是综合写作,以阅读或听力材料为基础的写作试题,写作时间为20分钟。考生首先需要阅读一篇学术演讲,阅读的时间是3分钟。然后文章隐去,这时考生需要听一段大约为1分半钟的演讲。之后考生在写作文时仍可以看到阅读材料。在听录音的过程中考生可以做笔记来帮助答题。余下20分钟的时间用来总结听力材料中的要点,并解释这些要点与阅读材料中的要求有何不同。通常有效的回答应是一篇150~225个单词的作文。

第二部分是独立写作,写作时间为30分钟。与现行机考托福的写作或托福写作考试(TWE)类似需要考生根据自己的知识和经验陈述、解释并支持对待某一问题的某个看法。虽然理论上字数没有上限,但是通常有效的回答应是一篇300个单词左右的作文。考查综合语言技能的作文题目的评分以回答的质量、完整性和准确性为依据...>>点击查看托福写作评分标准

托福写作评分方法:托福写作评分包括机器评分以及人工评分两部分。机器评分主要通过E-rater,对考生文章的语法是否正确、用词是否得当、以及单词拼写及大小写是否准确等方面进行评分;一篇考生的文章会经过两台机器评分。人工评分通过ETS阅卷人评分,综合写作和独立写作分别有两位阅卷人给出分数。托福写作原始分数为0-5分,考生得分分为三个level(如下图所示):GOOD(4.0-5.0),FAIR(2.5-3.5),LIMITED(1.0-2.0),最终成绩通过两个科目的分数取平均分,再换算为30分制的分数...>>点击查看托福写作分数换算表

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Integrated Writing:A response at this level successfully selects the important information from the lecture and coherently and accurately presents this information in relation to the relevant information presented in the reading. The response is well organized, and occasional language errors that are present do not result in inaccurateor imprecise presentation of content or connections.

综合写作:能够成功地选择讲座中的重要信息,并连贯准确地结合阅读中的相关信息进行表达;结构清晰,偶尔出现的语言错误并不影响内容和观点的准确表达...>>详情

Independent Writing:Effectively addresses the topic and task; Is well organized and well developed, using clearly appropriate explanations,exemplifications, and/or details; Displays unity, progression, and coherence; Displays consistent facility in the use of language, demonstrating syntactic variety, appropriate word choice, and idiomaticity, though it may have minor lexical or grammatical errors.

独立写作:此分数的文章大体有以下特点: 有效地针对话题完成任务;能充分展开,结构清晰,使用适当的解释,例证和/或细节;体现出一致、递进、连贯的特点;语言熟练,能使用不同的句法、合适的措辞和习语,允许出现次要的词汇或语法错误...>>详情

Integrated Writing:A response at this level is generally good in selecting the important information from the lecture and in coherently and accurately presenting this information in relation to the relevant information in the reading, but it may have minor omission, inaccuracy, vagueness, or imprecision of some content from the lecture or in connection to points made in the reading. A response is also scored at this level if it has more frequent or noticeable minor language errors, as long as such usage and grammatical structures do not result in anything more than an occasional lapse of clarity or in the connection of ideas.

综合写作:总体上能够很好地选择讲座中的重要信息,并连贯准确地结合阅读中的相关信息进行表达。但是在从讲座中选择材料和联系阅读中的论点时存在次要的信息遗漏、不准确或是意思含混不清。得此分数的另一种情况是,作文中存在较频繁或者明显的次要语言错误,但是这些错误用法和语法结构只停留在表达清晰度或是论点联系方面的偶尔错误...>>详情

Independent Writing:Addresses the topic and task well, though some points may not be fully elaborated; Is generally well organized and well developed, using appropriate and sufficient explanations, exemplifications, and/or details; Displays unity, progression, and coherence, though it may contain occasional redundancy, digression, or unclear connections; Displays facility in the use of language, demonstrating syntactic variety and range of vocabulary, though it will probably have occasional noticeable minor errors in structure, word form, or use of idiomatic language that do not interfere with meaning.

独立写作:此分数的文章大体有一下的特点: 很好地针对话题完成任务,但是一些论点没有充分展开;总体上能够充分展开,结构清晰,使用适当的解释、例证和/或细节 体现出一致、递进、连贯的特点。但是存在偶尔没必要的重复、离题或是不清楚的联系;语言熟练,能使用出不同的句法和词汇。但是在结构、词汇、或是习惯用法上存在明显的次要错误,尽管这些错误并不影响意思的表达...>>详情

Integrated Writing:A response at this level contains some important information from the lecture and conveys some relevant connection to the reading, but it is marked by one or more of the following: Although the overall response is definitely oriented to the task, it conveys only vague, global, unclear, or somewhat imprecise connection of the points made in the lecture to points made in the reading; The response may omit one major key point made in the lecture; Some key points made in the lecture or the reading, or connections between the two, may be incomplete, inaccurate, or imprecise; Errors of usage and/or grammar may be more frequent or may result in noticeably vague expressions or obscured meanings in conveying ideas and connections.Score Task Description.

综合写作:包括了讲座中的重要信息并表达了和阅读文章的相关联系,但是却存在以下问题: 尽管总体上按照任务要求写,但是在联系讲座和阅读的论点方面表达模糊、笼统,缺乏细节,不是很准确;遗漏了讲座中的关键论点;没有完整、清晰、准确地论述一些讲座或是阅读中的关键论点或是表达讲座和阅读的联系;用词和/或语法错误较频繁,导致较明显的意思表达不清或是在表达论点和联系时意思模糊...>>详情

Independent Writing:Addresses the topic and task using somewhat developed explanations, exemplifications, and/or details; Displays unity, progression, and coherence, though connection of ideas may be occasionally obscured; May demonstrate inconsistent facility in sentence formation and word choice that may result in lack of clarity and occasionally obscure meaning; May display accurate but limited range of syntactic structures and.

独立写作:此分数的文章有以下问题: 针对话题完成任务时所用的解释、例证和/或细节没有充分展开;体现一致、递进、连贯的特点,但是偶尔出现观点的联系不清;造句和选词的不熟悉使得文章缺乏清晰度,并且偶尔使意思含混不清;句式结构和词汇使用准确但是存在局限性...>>详情

Integrated Writing:A response at this level contains some relevant information from the lecture, but is marked by significant language difficulties or by significant omission or inaccuracy of important ideas from the lecture or in the connections between the lecture and the reading; a response at this level is marked by one or more of the following; The response significantly misrepresents or completely omits the overall connection between the lecture and the reading; The response significantly omits or significantly misrepresents important points made in the lecture; The response contains language errors or expressions that largely obscure connections or meaning at key junctures, or that would likely obscure understanding of key ideas for a reader not already familiar with the reading and the lecture.

综合写作:包括了讲座中的相关信息,但是却存在严重的语言表达困难,或在表达讲座内容以及阐述讲座和阅读内容联系方面存在重要论点的表达不准确或遗漏。具体问题有: 严重曲解了或是完全遗漏了讲座和阅读的联系;严重遗漏或曲解演讲中的重要信息;语言和表达错误严重影响了讲座和阅读的联系或是关键信息的意思。如果读者对阅读和讲座内容不熟悉,读此文章时可能对关键论点理解不清...>>详情

Independent Writing:Limited development in response to the topic and task; Inadequate organization or connection of ideas; Inappropriate or insufficient exemplifications, explanations, or details; to support or illustrate generalizations in response to the task; A noticeably inappropriate choice of words or word forms; An accumulation of errors in sentence structure and/or usage.

独立写作:此分数的文章有以下不足: 针对话题完成任务时论点展开有限;结构不太清晰或论点之间的联系不充分;支持或是阐述论点时所使用的解释、例证和/和细节不合适或不充分;存在明显的选词和/或拼写错误;句子结构和/或用法上存在大量的错误...>>详情

Integrated Writing:The response provides little or no meaningful or relevant coherent content from the lecture; The language level of the response is so low that it is difficult to derive meaning.

综合写作:此得分的作文存在以下问题: 几乎没有提供有意义的或是相对连贯的讲座内容;语言水平很低,词不达意...>>详情

Independent Writing:Serious disorganization or underdevelopment; Little or no detail, or irrelevant specifics, or questionable responsiveness to the task; Serious and frequent errors in sentence structure or usage.

独立写作:此得分的作文存在以下严重缺陷: 文章严重缺乏组织和展开;细节很少,或根本没有、或不相关、或是完成任务是存在很大的问题;句子结构或用法存在严重又频繁的错误...>>详情

Integrated Writing:Topic or is otherwise not connected to the topic, is written in a foreign language,consists of keystroke characters, or is blank.

综合写作:仅仅是从阅读中抄句子,拒绝针对话题写作,或所写和话题根本无关系,或用其他语言写作,或文中只包括无意义的键盘符号,或是什么也不写...>>详情

Independent Writing:An essay at this level merely copies words from the topic, rejects the topic, or is otherwise not connected to the topic, is written in a foreign language, consists of keystroke characters, or is blank.

独立写作:仅仅是从题目中抄句子,拒绝针对话题写作,或所写和话题根本无关,或用其他语言写作,或文中只包括无意义的键盘符号,或是什么也不写...>>详情