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科学美国人60秒:北极苍蝇面临的未来-托福听力下载

2016-11-30 10:27:21来源:科学美国人60秒

点击查看>>科学美国人60秒音频:北极苍蝇面临的未来

  科学美国人60秒中英文翻译:北极苍蝇面临的未来

  科学美国人60秒英文文本

  This is Scientific American — 60-Second Science. I'm Christopher Intagliata.

  The Greenland High Arctic is a bare, sparse place. Rather than tall trees, it has tundra—ground hugging vegetation—and rugged, Lord-of-the-Rings-style vistas. "Well I don't know, it's not exactly New Zealand, but kind of similar landscape."

  Mikko Tiusanen, an ecologist at Helsinki University in Finland. "The winter season is like six, seven months. So everything basically happens during the short summer season." Including the white-yellow bloom of mountain avens, a hardy arctic shrub. "Even though it's small it can be over 100 yrs old. It's pretty good at surviving harsh conditions."

  Tiusanen and his colleagues set out to census which of the many local insects visit mountain avens by summer, and help with pollination. So they planted 2100 sticky flower lookalikes, as traps, and identified stuck visitors by their DNA.

  位于格陵兰的水杨梅花.jpg

  Two-thirds of all local insect species visited. But it was one particular fly, a relative of the humble housefly, that showed up most often in those spots where the tundra shrubs had successfully set seed. Meaning more flies appeared to be a good thing for the avens. The study appears in the Proceedings of the Royal Society: B.

  Here's the bad news: a 2013 study found that the Arctic flowering season is shortening. The numbers of fly pollinators is down, as is the the number of visits by these fly pollinators. Which could be bad for mountain avens—and beyond. "One could expect that also the other pollinators and flower visitors visiting the mountain avens could get more uncommon and even become extinct in the long run." Meaning "shoo fly" could spell trouble for the life of the tundra.

  Thanks for listening for Scientific American — 60-Second Science Science. I'm Christopher Intagliata.

  中文翻译请点击下一页

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