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科学美国人60秒:大脑对重复驾驶路线的反应-托福听力下载

2017-02-02 16:03:00 来源:科学美国人60秒托福资料下载

点击查看>>科学美国人60秒音频:大脑对重复驾驶路线的反应

  科学美国人60秒中英文翻译:大脑对重复驾驶路线的反应

  科学美国人60秒英文文本

  From the backseat of a cab, the moves a driver makes may at times seem, let's say, daring.

  In fact, cabbies may actually be better, more agile drivers than the rest of us.

  Because they know their streets so well.

  Previous research found that the hippocampus in the brain of a typical cab driver is enlarged.

  That's the part of the brain used in navigation.

  But now a study confirms that learning detailed navigation information does indeed cause that part of the brain to grow.

  The findings are in the journal NeuroImage.

  Researchers had young adults who were not regular gamers play a driving simulation game.

  Some practiced maneuvering the same route 20 times, while other players were confronted with 20 different routes.

  The participants'brains were scanned before they performed the simulated driving and again after.

  Researchers found that subjects who kept repeating the same route increased their speed more than those driving multiple routes.

  The single-route drivers were also much better able to put in order a sequence of random pictures taken along the way and to draw a map of the route.

  The investigators also found increases in the single-route drivers in the functional connectivity between the hippocampus and other parts of the brain involved with navigation.

  And the amount of change was directly related to the amount of improvement each participant displayed.

  These findings may explain why your Uber driver can eventually get you from point A to point B,

  but may lack the seemingly effortless mental flexibility that a yellow cabbie displays on the streets.

  Veterans have been there, done that—and their brains show it.

  中文翻译请点击下一页

本文关键字: 科学美国人60秒 科学60秒下载 托福听力

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