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托福阅读词汇解析(69)

2017-05-18 09:13:00 来源:新东方在线整理托福资料下载

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  TPO 25

  下篇

  photosynthetic

  光合作用的

  I think what they found here is a new modification of chlorophyll that shows the flexibility of photosynthetic organisms to use whatever light is available.

  stem

  茎

  These spiral vessels are part of a banana plant stem.

  structure

  结构

  The industrial revolution modified the whole structure of English society.

  algae

  藻类

  Other factors may also come into play, including how much of the algae is eaten by marine animals, and how the material is moved by ocean currents.

  chlorophyll

  叶绿素

  This could be estimated at 1000 litres of hydrogen for 330 grams of chlorophyll per day whereas for example colza produces roughly only 1000 litres of oil per hectare . . .

  molecule

  分子

  They have developed all kinds of tools to synthesize and manipulate this molecule.

  presumably

  大概

  The book provides many examples of this kind, some a bit too anecdotal for my taste, but presumably they are on the whole backed by statistically significant data.

  descendant

  relative

  后代

  Ancestor

  If you must use descendant selectors, prefer child selectors, which at least only require evaluation of one additional node, not all the intermediate nodes up to an ancestor.

  evolutionary

  发展的

  However, if we are derived from the same evolutionary process as all other living creatures, I’m not sure that this explanation has the appropriate explanatory power or scope.

  invade

  attrack

  入侵

  Why do you tell your people to invade our land and kill us, when your religion says no one must kill anyone made in the image of your God?

  origin

  root,source

  起源

  We do not differentiate between our workers on the basis of their background or ethnic origin.

  withstand

  retract

  承受

  What you eat is the fuel that you give to your body and you hope that this fuel will give you enough energy to finish all your tasks, to withstand daily stress and to have some fun.

  adaptation

  适应

  These findings also challenge the idea that religion is an adaptation.

  fluctuation

  variation

  波动, 起伏

  Was this fluctuation real, or was it merely a glitch in the equipment used to measure the decay, induced by the change of seasons, with the accompanying changes in temperature and humidity?

  organism

  有机体, 生物

  Because these structures can be traced back through the ancestors, they essentially serve as a marker of evolution; no organism can have a vestigial organ that hasn’t been found in its forefathers.

  variable

  可变的

  Constant

  And you have not declared any other variable for the workflow so far.

  photosynthetic

  光合的

  I think what they found here is a new modification of chlorophyll that shows the flexibility of photosynthetic organisms to use whatever light is available.

  enhance

  提高

  The computer can enhance the quality of photographs transmitted from space.

  supposition

  猜想, 推测

  As for the spiral itself, current supposition is that this is the result of a star in a binary star system entering the planetary nebula phase, when its outer atmosphere is ejected.

  pressure

  stress

  压力

  Now at any point in the day starting at 5 in the morning, there can be that same level of intensity and pressure to get something out.

  phylogenetic

  动植物发展史

  Thus, from a nearly identical phylogenetic background, we hypothesize that strains ABT and Fryx1 diverged, especially as regards motility and morphology, to inhabit quite distinct environments.

  hypothesis

  theory

  假设

  A suggested explanation, so long as its correctness is still in doubt, is called a hypothesis.

  starch

  淀粉

  Until recently, the assumption has been that cellulose would take over from sugar and starch as the feedstock for making biofuels.

  cellulose

  纤维素

  Development of celluloses that are stable outside the cells of microorganisms enables the culturing of fungi and with yeasts on cellulose hydrolyzates.

  transition

  过渡

  And the procedure should be consistent with defect status transition.

  desolate

  devastate

  荒芜的

  We still dwell in the Valley of the Shadow, lurk in its desolate places, peering from brambles and thickets at its mad, malign inhabitants.

  ashore

  onshore

  在岸上

  But when I leaped ashore, and followed in her steps to warn her of a peril in front, alas!

  inhospitable

  不亲切的

  Hospitable

  Without this mechanism our "Blue Planet" might well be as dry and inhospitable as Mars.

  predator

  肉食动物

  Some residents and experts said the predator may be a bear, a wayward panther or cougar, or even a wolf because 3-inch paw tracks were found at the scene.

  diversify

  使……不同

  But even if they want to diversify, they have to do it as inconspicuously as possible – otherwiseothers will move with them and they will be hurt as the largest holder of US Treasuries.

  obstacle

  障碍, 妨碍

  Milton's own faculty of memory - this is the idea that I'm going to be floating here - seems to provide something like, or pose a stumbling block or an obstacle for, his attempt to write an original, divinely inspired poem.

  buoyancy

  浮力, 弹性

  Atmospheric gravity waves form when buoyancy pushes air up, and gravity pulls it back down.

  terrestrial

  地球的

  Extraterrestrial

  Available via terrestrial signals, satellite and cable, digital broadcasting will herald an explosion in the number of available channels.

  nutrient

  营养的

  We need to ensure that our enduring legacy is not to wipe out the small things that provide us with great benefits such as nutrient recycling and climate regulation.

  prosper

  繁荣

  May you prosper, may you help preserve and save our planet for your children, and all future children of the world.

  arise

  happen, occur

  产生, 出现

  Problems arise because we often do not know what data to capture and, after you capture it, how to analyze it.

  evaporation

  蒸发

  There has not been much change in rainfall in those areas but the temperature has risen by over 1 degree Centigrade since 1970, which will have enhanced losses due to evaporation.

  substance

  material

  物质

  We can distinguish one kind of substance from another by its properties.

  stiffen

  弄硬

  Relax

  The data could stiffen the resolve of Democrats to push for near-term stimulus as they seek a deal with Republicans to cut the U.S. budget deficit.

  exploit

  use, employ, utilize

  利用

  The temptation to exploit consumers usually prevails unless it is curbed.

  expose

  reveal

  暴露

  For sure there are constraints in what and how you expose things when you are a vendor of an expensive product.

  disperse

  散开

  Even central banks, until recently keen to disperse some of their gold holdings, could soon be sniffing around for more of the precious metal, analysts say.

  fertilize

  使肥沃

  After that, if you do fertilize the bulbs, do not mix the fertilizer in the planting hole. It could burn the roots.

  potential

  possible

  潜力

  By this stage you should have identified the users and potential users of your product, what they want from your product, and who you're up against.

  barren

  infertile

  贫瘠的

  Fertile

  We should see nothing but barren fields, overrun with weeds and biers; and the farmer would feel that a winter of want and distress is before him.

  arid

  dry

  干旱的

  But the alga also plays an important role in the semi-arid areas of the country.

  embryo

  胚胎, 初期

  They have not yet used the eggs to produce babies, but they have injected them with sperm to produce an early stage embryo in the laboratory.

  pollen

  授粉

  The problem occurs because plants need to transfer pollen by wind and insect to fertilization and reproduce.

  feature

  特征

  The business people on one of our projects really wanted this feature, so we implemented part of it on one of the screens for them.

  waxy

  柔软的

  The all-terrain vehicle ploughs through roads of red dust and the hot summer air is thick with dragonflies as we pass eucalyptus, waxy-leaved fragrant frangipani and mango trees.

  cuticle

  表皮

  When the trap door shuts, the plant excretes mucilage next to a special cuticle around the door, creating a watertight seal.

  pore

  气孔

  Previous theories to explain the delay have considered the late arrival microquakes as aftershocks or as a consequence of redistribution of fluids in pore spaces.

  stomata

  气孔

  Included among these cells are hairs (yup, leaves have hairs), any sort of bump or ornamentation, and most important, stomata.

  protest

  抗议

  And then the lights go off, and the din of the tourists turns from a momentary grumble of protest to a greedy growl to whispered disappointment.

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