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新托福独立写作题目:政府整顿环境的重要性

2017-12-19 14:39:06来源:网络

  2017年12月16日最新托福写作考试有哪些内容呢?新东方在线托福网为大家带来新托福写作题目:政府整顿环境的重要性一文,更多精彩尽请关注新东方在线托福网(http://toefl.koolearn.com)!

  托福写作考试日期:

  2017年12月16日

  新托福写作题目回忆版本一

  The most important thing for government to improve the health care is to clean the environment

  点评

  本次考试的独立写作重复了之前的原题,该题目当中隐藏了一个小小的陷阱,就是考生很容易把政府是否保护环境来促进人民健康的做法说成是一个重要的选择而不是一个最重要的选择。所以如果这样回答的话,就与题目的要求比较偏离了。事实上,在除了清洁环境之外,从健康的教育意识上,食品的安全性上,还有法律法规的制定上,都可以起到比保护环境更有效果的结果。所以本次独立写作要求考生对于题干做出非常仔细的阅读和思考,然后能够写出准确的作文而不会偏题。

  本次考试重复2016年6月4日政府职能类话题,从话题的角度来看,这是一道典型的“政府职能”题目,只是又把“健康”这个话题结合了一下,类似的题目考察的很多,例如:

  2014.12.28 (重复2014.5.27以及2012.07.15大陆)

  Do you agree or disagree the statement: It is important for government to provide money for beautiful and not just for some practical things.

  2013.09.08

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? To increase economic growth, the government should ignore environmental concerns. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

  2012.01.08

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: People can solve important problems by themselves or with the help from their family members so there's no need for the government to help them.

  从考题的类型来看,是一道典型的“绝对型”题目。对于这种题目,通常可以折中一下,即:一段是让步,认可题目中的观点的价值;两位两段是立论,支持自己肯定的观点。

  如果是否定的立场,相对容易写作,观点建议如下:

  1.清理环境,可以有效的减少传染病的发生,更好的保护人们的健康。然而,这并不是政府最理智的选择。

  2.政府资金有限,不可能长期进行环境清理的工作,应该投入更多资金进行公民意识的培养,让更多人参与到保护环境的工作中,环境才有可能保持清洁,让人民更加健康。

  3.政府可以调动更多的人力物力共同倡导健康环保的生活方式和发展方式,例如加强锻炼、减少化石燃料的使用、合理饮食、进行更深层次的环境研究等等都可能让人民生活更加健康。

  Reason1:Admittedly, cleaning the environment can effectively reduce the incidence of infectious disease and better protect people’s health. However, this is not the most rational choice for the government.

  Reason2:The limited funds should be invested in the people’s environmental awareness so that more people can participate in the work of protecting the environment.

  Reason3:The government can mobilize more manpower and material resources to advocate healthy and environment-friendly lifestyles and sustainable ways of development,like strengthening exercise, reducing fossil fuel consumption,eating a balanced diet and carrying out deeper environmental research, etc.

  可能用到的词组:

  1) 积极:

  保持健康 stay/keep healthy

  促进身体健康 improve physical health

  肺活量 vital capacity

  心肺功能 functions of heart and lung/heart-lung functions

  增强耐力 Strengthen endurance

  呼吸/消化系统 Respiration/Digestion system

  2) 消极:

  对健康有危害 be harmful/hazardous to heath

  危害健康 endanger health

  容易有健康问题 be prone to health problem

  生病 fall ill

  久坐的生活方式 a sedentary lifestyle

  增加医疗费用 increase the health cost

  病假 sick leave

  患上 … 病 suffer from …

  托福写作范文:

  (开头段:背景引入+他人观点+自己观点+过渡句)

  Recently, there has been a hotly-debated question in our society that which way is the most important one in order to improve people’s health. Some argue that the government should focus on hospital fundamental instruction or cutting down the medicine expenditure. However, from my point of view, I consider dealing with the environmental pollution as the most essential factor when we are trying to make the folk’s health condition better. My view point is based on the following reasons and examples.

  (分论点1:分论点+展开句+论证)

  First and foremost, cleaning soil and water body can help us provide higher-quality food for our citizens. As we all know, if the environment is seriously polluted, vegetation and grains growing on this land will certainly absorb certain kind of poisonous materials from the soil or water which can do harm to human’s body. For example, several decades ago, in Japan, there was a sudden outbreak of a terrifying disease—patients would have a dramatic disorder in their physical movement as well as their mental conditions. Some of them could lose their ability to walk, while some might have no ability to hear and speak. Even more unfortunately, children who were still very young or adults who were more vulnerable than ordinary individuals would gradually become insane and finally pass away in pain. After intense investigation, researchers found that all these poor people ate rice produced in a mercury-polluted farmland. Cleaning the environment can effectively reduce this kind of tragedy and protect people’s health.

  (分论点2:分论点+展开句+论证)

  Moreover, cleaning air can also lead to citizen’s better health condition by eliminating the harmful stuff floating in the sky. Take Beijing city as an example. With the rapid development of industrialization in Beijing and its neighboring province Hebei, more and more chemical plants and thermal power plants have been established. They keep emitting lots of waste gases into the atmosphere, including several kind of particles which can do harm to people’s lungs, such as PM 2.5 particles. According to the statistics from Chinese government, during the last decade, there was a drastic increase in the amount of people who suffer from lung cancer, sore throat, and so on. Polluted air has already become one of the most dreadful threats to individuals’ health.

  (让步段:承认漏洞,削弱其影响)

  Admittedly, it is not enough if we cast our attention only on the environment. There are various kinds of other elements which can affect people’s physical conditions. For instance, increasing the medical subsidy or set up more medical insurance also play an important role in enhancing citizen’s health conditions. Nevertheless, cleaning the environment can stop people from being harmed by detrimental raw materials of food and from polluted air, which is much more effective and fundamental in protecting people’s health.

  (结尾段:重述总论点+重述分论点)

  To conclude, the most significant thing to improve people’s health is to make our environment cleaner. Thus can not only reduce the harmful substance in the food we eat, but also help prevent the number of people having lung disease from going up. Although there are quite a lot the government can do to make its folks healthier, the most fundamental and effective solution to people’s deteriorating health condition may still be our first choice.

  以上就是新东方在线托福网为你带来的新托福写作题目:政府整顿环境的重要性,更多精彩敬请关注新东方在线托福网(http://toefl.koolearn.com)。

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