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托福写作大作文如何开头

2018-06-14 13:20:54 来源:网络托福资料下载

  托福写作分为大作文和小作文两部分,那么其中大作文部分,大家在具体的写作过程中,怎样能够写出一个优秀并且精彩的开头呢?下面新东方在线托福网为大家带来了一些实例及方法,供大家参考学习。

  1.场景或背景信息

  即题目中出现的phenomenon

  大作文要求字数至少达到250字,在写作中考虑到字数的合理安排,第一段最好写3-5句话,大约40字左右,并且切忌在第一段就掏心掏肺把什么话都说完。因此大作文开首方式通常有以下几种情况:

  ✔ 题目中包含了背景信息(phenomenon),有时也出现一些人的观点,并且题目中字数较多。这种情况下最保险的办法是重写(paraphrase)题目中的背景信息和提出另一些人观点:

  ✔ 主动语态<=>被动语态

  ✔ 主谓宾<=>主系表

  ✔ 某些近义词互换

  Example:

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

  People today spend too much time on personal enjoyment doing things that they like to do rather than doing things they should do.

  Use specific details and example to support your answer.

  ► In contemporary society, whether people nowadays immerse too much of themselves in personal enjoyment has become a heated discussion. Numerous supporters of the viewpoint claim that an increasing amount of time has been put into self entertainment while others assert that most of the citizens prefer doing things that they should do. 其后再加考生自己的观点即可。

  音符动态简约分割线

  2.题目中包含了背景信息,有时出现观点

  但题目中字数较少

  若直接重新表达,字数凑不到40字左右。这种情况下我们有2种开首方式来保证字数。

  ✔ 就地点细节化来说明题目中的背景信息。

  ✔ 追溯历史,过去与现在形成对比。

  Example:

  ✔ 1. 就地点细节化来说明题目中的背景信息。

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

  It is more important for students to understand ideas and concepts than it is for them to learn facts.

  Use specific details and example to support your answer.

  ► It is a truth universally acknowledge that school is a place where students equip themselves with all sorts of skills before they step into the society. What they should focus on learning has always been a controversial point. Some hold the opinion that... while in my personal perspective,其后加入考生个人观点即可。

  ✔ 2. 追溯历史,过去与现在形成对比。

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

  Playing computer games is a waste of time. Children should not be allowed to play them.

  Use specific details and example to support your answer.

  ► From the beginning of 19th century, technology in the world has been developing rapidly, which enables computers players to have easier access to all sorts of digital games. In the last decades, a special phenomenon has been revealed that the proportion of children playing computer games is surging. 其后加入考生个人观点即可。

  音符动态简约分割线

  3.题目中仅出现部分人的观点

  没有背景信息

  这种情况下,我们可以根据这部分人的观点所涉及的信息在开首段附加对背景信息的描述。

  Example:

  The best way to solve the world’s environmental problem is to increase the price of fuel. Do you agree or disagree?

  ► In the process of industrialization and urbanization, the scope of environmental problem facing the world is getting immense. From Mexico City and New York to Singapore and China new solutions to this problem are being proposed, tried and implemented. Some people believe increasing the price of fuel is the best approach to this problem. 其后加入考生个人观点即可。

  以上就是为大家整理的“托福写作大作文如何开头”,更多精彩内容请关注新东方在线托福频道!


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