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托福阅读测测你的速度有多快

2018-07-10 11:09:24来源:网络

  托福阅读中,速度是同学不可忽视的技能,如果大家能够锻炼好自己的阅读速度,那么托福阅读的高分就会更加有把握。下面小编就整理了一些题目,辅助大家来测试一下自己的阅读速度,同时也为大家整理了一些阅读速度提升的方法,供大家参考。

  1

  Later Heyerdahl suggested that the Pacific was peopled by three migrations: by Native Americans from the Pacific Northwest of North America drifting to Hawaii, by Peruvians drifting to Easter Island, and by Melanesians. In 1969 he crossed the Atlantic in an Egyptian-style reed boat to prove Egyptian influences in the Americas. Contrary to these theorists, the overwhelming evidence of physical anthropology, linguistics, and archaeology shows that the Pacific islanders came from Southeast Asia and were skilled enough as navigators to sail against the prevailing winds and currents.

  The word “overwhelming” in the passage is closest in meaning to

  A. powerful

  B. favorable

  C. current

  D. reasonable

  2

  Dissatisfaction with conventional explanations for dinosaur extinctions led to a surprising observation that, in turn, has suggested a new hypothesis. Many plants and animals disappear abruptly from the fossil record as one moves from layers of rock documenting the end of the Cretaceous up into rocks representing the beginning of the Cenozoic (the era after the Mesozoic).Between the last layer of Cretaceous rock and the first layer of Cenozoic rock, there is often a thin layer of clay. Scientists felt that they could get an idea of how long the extinctions took by determining how long it took to deposit this one centimeter of clay and they thought they could determine the time it took to deposit the clay by determining the amount of the element iridium (Ir) it contained.

  【句子简化】

  A. The fossil record suggests that there was an abrupt extinction of many plants and animals at the end of the Mesozoic era.

  B. Few fossils of the Mesozoic era have survived in the rocks that mark the end of the Cretaceous.

  C. Fossils from the Cretaceous period of the Mesozoic up to the beginning of the Cenozoic era have been removed from the layers of rock that surrounded them.

  D. Plants and animals from the Mesozoic era were unable to survive in the Cenozoic era.

  3

  Ecologists are especially interested to know what factors contribute to the resilience of communities because climax communities all over the world are being severely damaged or destroyed by human activities. The destruction caused by the volcanic explosion of Mount St. Helens, in the northwestern United States, for example, pales in comparison to the destruction caused by humans. We need to know what aspects of a community are most important to the community’s resistance to destruction, as well as its recovery.

  In fact, damage to the environment by humans is often much more severe than damage by natural events and processes.

  4

  Most savannas probably experience mild fires frequently and major burns every two years or so. Many savanna and dry-forest plant species are called pyrophytes, meaning they are adapted in various ways to withstand occasional burning. Frequent fire is a factor to which rain forest species seem unable to adapt, although ancient charcoal remains from Amazon forest soils dating prior to the arrival of humans suggest that moist forests also occasionally burn. Experiments suggest that if fire did not occur in savannas in the Americas, species composition would change significantly. When burning occurs, it prevents competition among plant species from progressing to the point where some species exclude others, reducing the overall diversity of the ecosystem. But in experimental areas protected from fire, a few perennial grass species eventually come to dominate, outcompeting all others. Evidence from other studies suggests that exclusion of fire results in markedly decreased plant-species richness, often with an increase in tree density. There is generally little doubt that fire is a significant factor in maintaining savanna, certainly in most regions.

  Paragraph 5 supports which of the following statements regarding the importance of fires in maintaining savannas?

  A. Fires prevent the growth of pyrophytes.

  B. Fires eliminate some species and thus reduce the overall diversity of the ecosystem.

  C. Fires that occur once every two years are unlikely to help maintain savannas.

  D. Fires prevent some species from eliminating other species with which they compete.

  5

  Another type of fossilization, known as carbonization, occurs when soft tissues are preserved as thin films of carbon. Leaves and tissue of soft-bodied organisms such as jellyfish or worms may accumulate, become buried and compressed, and lose their volatile constituents. The carbon often remains behind as a blackened silhouette.

  Paragraph 5 suggests which of the following about the carbonization process?

  A. It is completed soon after an organism dies.

  B. It does not occur in hard-shell organisms.

  C. It sometimes allows soft-tissued organisms to be preserved with all their parts.

  D. It is a more precise process of preservation than is replacement.

  答案

  A A B D B

  测试结果

  6分钟及以上:速度略慢,继续努力

  5-6分钟:比较稳健,还需精进!

  4-5分钟: 不错不错,高分指日可待!

  3-4分钟 (or even less):大佬好!

  如何提高自己的阅读速度呢?

  你真别觉得和词汇无关:

  文章中如果有很多生词,导致你文章无法理解。或者如果你发现你必须要一个一个词看才能看懂。这两个都属于单词的问题。生词这个是纯不认识,那就刷单词吧。不刷到60%的托福单词你看阅读会很吃力,效果也非常差。

  而很多同学处在看文章词汇懂,但是需要挨个字看的。这种一个原因是你词汇不够熟悉,需要反应时间,这个的解决办法依旧是回顾背单词。不过单词和阅读可以同步复习。而另一个这种情况的原因是你的“反应堆”意群不够大,这个需要你在阅读中来训练,扩大自己的反映意群。这个其实很好理解,就是像Although her early theatrical career had included stints as anactress, she was not primarily interested in storytelling or expressingemotions through dance; the drama of her dancing emanated from her visualeffects.中,你看那些诸如she was not primarily interested in是连起来看得,一扫而过。但在专业名词比较多的段落、或者词汇比较难的段落你就会变成挨个字的看。

  理解归纳问题:第二页继续...

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