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托福独立写作工作类题目的破解方法

2018-11-07 11:36:00来源:新东方

  大家好,我是蔡蔡老师,欢迎来到“与托福分手,与世界牵手”系列音频小课堂的第三期。前两期音频我与大家分享了政府类和教育类话题。今天,让我们聚焦工作类独立写作常用语料。

  来源:新东方 蔡润光

  工作类题目涉及内容

  工作形式(团队 vs 个人,办公室办公 vs 远程办公,逐一工作 vs 多重工作multitasking)

  工作内容(单一 vs 多元,挑战 vs 简单)

  工作(高薪)与其它因素权衡(工作 vs 假期,工作 vs 情感)

  工作与教育(学生兼职)

  常用分论点

  主体段的逻辑链条依然采用上节课讲到的方式,以分论点为中心,往前推原因,往后推结果。

  reason---sub-point---result

  物质 & 便利性

  breadwinner, shoulder the responsibility to sustain/support families---well-paid job--- earn higher salaries, have a large portion of money at one’s disposal---- improve the quality of life: medical services/infrastructure (parks, gymnasiums) /entertainment (outbound trip, music concerts, theaters)/education (access/receive well-rounded/quality education, numerous elite schools, a wide range of subjects, advanced facilities)

  交流

  encounter diverse people (people from all walks of life)---interact with/exchange ideas with---observe the same matter from diversified perspectives/make congenial friends/learn how to get along well with people of all ages and different cultural backgrounds

  培养能力

  create a perfect platform---cultivate/foster/nurture various practical skills---benefit/pave the way to/constitute the stepping stone to/lay a solid foundation for...

  工作能力:

  teamwork spirit

  interpersonal skill

  time management skill

  financial management skill

  problem-solving skill

  成就感

  cope with/handle/tackle/

  overcome/conquer/address difficulties---challenging/demanding---receive recognition/acknowledge/appreciation from...----sense of accomplishment/achievement/success---motivation/impetus/incentive/stimulus---strive to/devote oneself to/be committed to one's work/be devoted to one's work

  幸福感\效率效果

  the source of happiness

  job satisfaction derives/stems/comes from...

  工作类必备表达

  对工作的描述

  stable job

  fulfilling job

  well-paid/high-paying job

  rewarding and promising job

  overworked and underpaid

  工作的目的

  1. work for economic returns/seek fame and fortune

  2. self-actualization/social status/seeking acknowledgement from different sources including their bosses, peers, families and society.

  3. out of passion and love/love what they do and do what they love

  弹性工作

  Flexible schedules/telecommuting

  For employees

  a professional yet relaxing working environment

  the flexibility to meet family needs and the responsibilities of daily life

  feel more motivated and engaged in their working environment

  be more productive/efficient

  For employers

  potential beneficiaries

  less error-prone

  lower costs

  win-win situation

  多任务执行

  Multitasking

  be buried by endless phone calls, emails, and paperwork

  use time with higher efficiency

  prioritizing and scheduling

  use "to-do-list" to determine which tasks have a higher priority on their personal agenda

  avoid wasting time on meaningless and unproductive diversions/distractions

  physical and mental pressure (参照教育类常用分论点之“健康”)

  团队工作

  Teamwork

  优点

  A team has a wide range of knowledge, expertise and skills than any individual is likely to possess.

  ...might seem insignificant on individual level, but it makes a big difference collectively.

  combined efforts

  come up with a practical solution/propose a feasible solution

  receive assistance and encouragement from colleagues/co-workers

  lift morale/spirits

  provide sufficient confidence for team members to attempt tasks they would be afraid to finish on their own

  overcome/triumph over difficulties

  minimize mistakes

  learn from mistakes

  弊端

  get a free ride

  fail to reach consensus

  time-consuming

  energy-consuming

  工作与生活的平衡

  Life is to be enjoyed, not to be endured.

  strike a work-life balance

  sports enthusiast

  movie-goer

  release overwhelming pressure

  be fully refreshed and energetic

  以上就是为大家整理的“托福独立写作工作类题目的破解方法”,更多精彩内容请关注新东方在线托福频道!


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