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《经济学人》中的托福备考知识

2018-11-09 15:38:20来源:网络

  托福备考中,利用一写杂志资料,可以帮助我们提升听说读写四个部分,这样的复习资料是不可多得的。今天我们为大家推荐的是《经济学人》,下面让我们一起来看看吧!

  《经济学人》第四期赏析内容:

  (文章来源:《经济学人》2018年9月8日期刊Business板块-When teamwork worksThe pros and cons of co-operating(合作的利与弊)Sep 8th 2018)

  原文:

  Collaboration at work is generally seen as a good thing. Production of The economist is a co-operative progress. A crack team of editors removes most of the bad jokes before this column makes it into print.

  参考译文:

  工作上的合作往来一般被认为是一件好事。《经济学人》的创作就是大家共同合作的结晶。在专栏出版前,精干的编辑团队会把大部分无聊的笑话都删掉。

  原文:

  Businesses value collaboration. The latest survey by the Financial Times of what employers want from MBA graduates found that the ability to work in a team, to work with a wide variety of people and to build, sustain and expand a network of people were three of the top five skills that mangers wanted. Practical qualifications like accounting, programming and applied microeconomics were among the least-desired attributes.

  参考译文:

  企业重视团队合作。据《金融时报》报道,最新研究发现雇主最希望从MBA毕业生身上看到团队合作能力、能与各种各样的人共事的能力、以及擅长建立、维持并扩大社交圈的能力。这些是管理者看重的五大能力中三种重要能力。那些实操能力,比如:会计、编程和应用微观经济学等,他们并不怎么看重了。

  原文:

  However, mangers always have to balance the merits of teamwork, which help ensure that everyone is working towards the same goal, with the danger of “groupthink”, when critics are reluctant to point out a plan’s defects for fear of being ostracized by the group. For example, when people are aware of the views of others, there is a tendency for them to herd, as participants are reluctant to look foolish by deviating from the majority view.

  参考译文:

  然而, 管理者们总是要平衡下团队合作的利与弊。一方面,团队合作有助于确保每个人都在朝着同一个目标努力;另一方面,面临 "群体思维" 的风险, 一些评判者害怕被周围人排斥,并不愿意指出计划的缺陷。例如,当人们知道了团队中其他人的想法,他们很容易倾向支持其他人的观点,因为他们觉得,与其他人意见相左显得很愚蠢。

  (不可否认,合作可能会存在一定的弊端,比如:埋没个人的才智,偏懒的人放弃思考或劳动等。但是,我们也要看到合作的价值。在合作中可以获得快乐,创造更多智慧,取长补短,汲取经验,可以得到一个人学不来的知识,做到一个人做不来的事;还可以学会处理人际关系,培养团队合作精神,这些对个人成长与发展至关重要。)

  下面为大家整理出在托福写作中可以使用的语言表达和素材论据,快来积累下吧!

  素材赏析:

  一:好词

  1:collaboration

  1)词性:n.

  2)释义:合作

  the action of working with someone to produce or create something

  (来源:Oxford American Writer’s Thesaurus)

  3)同义词拓展

  teamwork, joint effort, cooperation

  2:co-operative

  1)词性:adj. 合作的

  2)释义:

  marked by a willingness and ability to work with others to endure death, pain, or distress

  (来源:Merrian-Webster dictionary)

  3)同义词拓展

  collaborative

  4)例句:

  The Karolyis were and remain fully cooperative with this investigation.

  释义:karolyis 过去和现在都完全配合这项调查。

  (来源:Washington Post, "Nassar, trainer charged with sex assault; Karolyis cleared," 29 June 2018)

  3:value

  1)词性:v.

  2)释义:重视

  to consider or rate highly

  (来源:Merrian-Webster dictionary)

  3)词组搭配

  values your opinion 看重你的想法

  4)例句:

  I value my privacy.

  我看重自己的隐私

  I value him as a good friend.

  我把他视为好朋友

  (来源:Oxford American Writer’s Thesaurus)

  4:qualification

  1)词性:n.

  2)释义:资格;能力

  a quality or skill that fits a person (as for an office)

  (来源:Merrian-Webster dictionary)

  3)词组搭配

  the applicant with the best qualifications

  有最好能力/资质的面试者

  4)例句:

  Abloh’s background and his roots should matter to fashion insiders who have discussed his qualifications, his talents, his influence, and his business acumen ad nauseam over the last couple of years.

  释义:在过去的几年里, 阿布洛的背景和出身应该关系到时尚业内人士, 他们讨论了他的资历、才能、影响力, 以及他的商业头脑。

  (来源: Brooke Bobb, Vogue, "Three Aspiring Chicago Creatives on Why Virgil Abloh’s Louis Vuitton Debut Inspires Them," 20 June 2018)

  5:merit

  1)词性:n.

  2)释义:长处

  a feature or fact that deserves praise or reward

  (来源:Oxford American Writer’s Thesaurus)

  3)同义词拓展

  strong point, advantage

  4)例句:

  The relative merits of both approaches have to be considered.

  释义:这两个方案的各自优点都要考虑到。

  (来源:Oxford American Writer’s Thesaurus)

  6:defect

  1)词性:n.

  2)释义:缺陷;弊端

  a shortcoming, imperfection

  (来源:Oxford American Writer’s Thesaurus)

  3)同义词拓展

  weakness, weak point, shortcoming

  4)词组搭配:

  a character defect

  性格缺陷

  (来源:Oxford American Writer’s Thesaurus)

  二:好短语(地道搭配)

  1:a crack team of 一支精干的队伍

  2:a wide variety of people 各种各样的人

  3:expand a network of people 扩大社交圈

  4:working towards the same goal 朝着同一个目标努力

  5:be reluctant to do 不愿意做某事

  6:be aware of 知道

  7:be ostracized by the group 被团队排斥

  三:好句

  1:被动句

  Collaboration at work is generally seen as a good thing.

  2:并列结构

  The latest survey by the Financial Times of what employers want from MBA graduates found that the ability to work in a team, to work with a wide variety of people and to build, sustain and expand a network of people were three of the top five skills that mangers wanted.

  3:插入语

  However, mangers always have to balance the merits of teamwork, which help ensure that everyone is working towards the same goal, with the danger of “groupthink”, when critics are reluctant to point out a plan’s defects for fear of being ostracized by the group.

  四:好素材(作文论据)

  托福作文素材:

  Businesses value collaboration. The latest survey by the Financial Times of what employers want from MBA graduates found that the ability to work in a team, to work with a wide variety of people and to build, sustain and expand a network of people were three of the top five skills that mangers wanted.

  工作与成功类话题是托福写作的高频考题之一。现在,很多家长、学校,为了让学生在未来职场崭露头角,从小重视培养学生的综合能力,比如:团队合作能力、沟通能力、社交能力、领导力等等。所以,每次看到作文题目中学校提出的一个倡议或者提案,不妨想想是不是有潜在的好处,是不是有助于促进学生的多方面发展呢?为什么要注重培养学生的综合能力,小伙伴儿们可以灵活运用以上素材哦!

  托福写作相关题目:

  Your are helping to select a leader for a student organization or a group. Do you think a person's honesty is the most important characteristic for being a leader? (2017年1月7日)

  参考思路:不同意,不可否认,诚实是重要的品质,但对于领导者而言,更重要的是有良好的团队合作能力、社交能力等。

  Some people prefer to exercise alone while others prefer to exercise with a group of people. Which one do you prefer? (2018年6月23日)

  参考思路:赞同和很多人一起锻炼,这样有利于扩大社交网,培养团队合作能力。

  以上就是为大家整理的“《经济学人》中的托福备考知识”,更多精彩内容请关注新东方在线托福频道!


本文关键字: 托福备考知识 经济学人

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