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2022托福写作万能素材:竞争与合作

2021-12-08 10:06:49来源:新东方在线托福

托福写作中,运用一些优秀的事例会让你的作文锦上添花,带来更高的作文分数!新东方在线托福为大家整理了政治、科技、艺术、经济等万能素材,希望对大家的托福考试有所帮助!

竞争和合作

While cooperation is the antithesis of competition, the need or desire to compete with others is a common impetus that motivates individuals to organize into a group and cooperate with each other in order to form a stronger competitive force. Cooperation in many areas such as farming and housing may be in the form of a cooperative or alternately, in the form of a conventional business.

Many people resort to this because they may cooperate by trading with each other or by altruistic sharing.

Certain forms of cooperation are illegal in some jurisdictions because they alter the nature of access by others to economic or other resources. Thus, cooperation in the form of cartels or price-fixing may be illegal.

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