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新托福独立写作范文:分数鼓励学生学习吗?

2021-12-25 13:53:00来源:新东方在线托福

托福独立写作可谓是托福考试中的一道拦路虎,对于刚接触托福独立写作的同学们可能有点困难。新东方在线托福在这里为大家整理一篇托福独立写作的满分范文,供同学们参考!

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Grades (marks) encourage students to learn.

Do grades encourage students to learn?

Having a glimpse of the current situation in education around the globe, we may marvel at the large variety of examinations students must take each semester. Apparently,giving grades is considered the most common method to evaluate the performance of a student. The entire teaching system cannot do without it. In a sense, pursuing high grades is indeed an essentialstimulus for students to concentrate on their textbooks. It is admitted that marks really encourage the students to learn, but their importance should not be exaggerated.

Evidently, the grading system urges students to study hard for the "Top One", a sacred position in their eyes. No one wishes to fall behind. Thus, once a competition is started among the classmates, learning efficiency might be enhanced. Those who win will make greater efforts to safeguard their superior results, whereas those who lose in the competition will work harder to erase past mistakes and continue the fight for a better outcome next time. It is due to such a mental state that students gain the initiative to learn.Researchers at China Academy of Social Sciences conducted a survey in 10 key high schools in Shanghai. They drafted a list of questions centering on motives to study hard at school and asked the students to fill out the questionnaire. Among the 2,000 students who wrote out their answers, over half of them mentioned the desire to gain high grades in the National College Entrance Examination.

Grades also help reveal a student's shortcomings in studies. Whenever a new round of assessments is done and the final grades are announced, students will have the opportunity to discover their weak points on some subjects.They may go all out to find the reasons for the loss of marks.After a brief review, it is natural for them to finally notice what has been neglected previously and obtain an objective attitude toward their school performance. Fromthen on, their attention might be focused on those drawbacks indicated in the test. As a common notion suggests, learning from past mistakes helps avoid future ones. If such a function works,progress can be made.

Nevertheless, "high grade, but low ability" has become an undesirable feature in some students. Meanwhile, lowergrades might also lead to the complete loss of confidence in studies. As a result, schools ought to avoid such two extremes. The learning process is a comprehensive one that involves more than obtaining grades and passing examinations. For instance, starting a large variety of programs aimed at broadening the mind and cultivating interests, offering students to take part-time jobs to increase experience, organizing colorful activities, all these enjoyable opportunities to learn may encourage better academic performance and prepare them for future challenges upon entry into the work force.

Consequently, as long as the grading system is managed appropriately at schools, students will always cherish the dream of gaining high marks and thus have the impetus to fight for it. Concerning all the details mentioned above, there is every reason to believe that grades contribute much to stimulating a student's passion for learning.

分数鼓励学生学习吗?

纵观当今全球教育界,我们也许会对学生每个学期需要参加的考试的繁多种类感到惊叹。很显然,评分制被认为是评价学生表现的最普遍的方法。整个教学体系没有评分制就难以运转。从某种意义上来说,追求高分的确是促使学生专心于教科书的关键激励因素。我们不能否认分数确实能鼓励学生去学习,但是,我们也不应夸大其重要性。

不言而喻,评分制促使学生为争得“第一名”而努力学习。第一名在他们眼中是一个神圣的位置。没有人愿意落后。于是,一旦竞争在学生中展开,学习效率也许会得到提升。那些获胜者会更加努力捍卫自己的优势地位,而那些在竞争中失败的学生也会更加努力,从而抹去以前的失误并继续为下次能取得更好的成绩而奋斗。正是这种心理状态给予了学生学习的动力。中国社会科学院的研究人员在上海10所重点高中进行了一项调查。他们拟出了一系列关于在学校努力学习的动力因素的问题,并让学生填写问卷。在2000位参与调查的学生中,有超过半数的学生提到渴望在高考中取得优异成绩。

分数同时也帮助学生发现自己学习中的不足。每当新的一轮测试结束且最终结果公布时,学生们都将会有机会发现他们在某些课程上的弱点。他们会竭尽全力寻找丢分的原因。在总体回顾之后,他们自然而然会最终注意到以前所忽视的,从而获得对自己学业的客观态度。从此以后,他们会将注意力更加集中在考试中所暴露出的不足之处上。这正如一个普通道理所阐述的,从过去的失误中获取经验教训有助于避免犯新的错误。倘若这个作用起效,学生就会取得进步。

然而,“高分低能”已经成为某些学生的不可取之处。与此同时,低分也许也会导致一部分学生对学习彻底丧失信心。因此,学校应该避免这两个极端的产生。学习是一个综合性的过程,并非仅仅包括获得分数和通过考试。例如,学校可以开展各种旨在拓宽思维及培养兴趣的项目,为学生提供兼职工作以积累工作经验,组织丰富多彩的活动,所有这些颇受学生喜爱的学习机会都可以鼓励他们取得更好的学习成绩,并帮助他们迎接未来加入劳动大军时所面临的挑战。

可见,只要分数制度在学校内合理运作,学生会始终梦想取得高分,并拥有为此拼搏的动力。综上所述,我们完全有理由相信,分数的确有助于激发学生学习的热情。

注释

have a glimpse of... 瞥一眼;看一眼

marvel at... 对……感到惊奇

evaluate vt. 评价

in a sense 从某种意义上来说

stimulus n. 激励;刺激;刺激物

exaggerate vt. 夸张,言过其实

urge vt. 力劝,催促;驱策,推进

sacred adj. 神圣的;庄严的

safeguard vt. 保护;护卫

superior adj. 优秀的,出众的

initiative n. 主动权

draft vt. 起草;设计

fill out 填写

questionnaire n. 问卷,调查表

National College Entrance Examination 高考reveal vt. 显示,透露;揭露

assessment n. 评定;估价

previously adv. 以前,在以前;从前

drawback n. 缺点

notion n. 概念;见解

function n. 作用;功能;职能

comprehensive adj. 综合的;广泛的

involve vt. 包含;牵涉

aimat 针对;瞄准;目的在于

cultivate vt. 培养

work force 劳动力;劳动大军

cherish vt. 抱有(希望);珍爱

there is every reason to believe that... 有充分的理由相信

contribute to 有助于;促成;造就

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