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托福独立写作范文:科学家应对科学发现产生的负面影响负责

2022-01-09 09:34:00来源:新东方在线托福

托福独立写作可谓是托福考试中的一道拦路虎,对于刚接触托福独立写作的同学们可能有点困难。新东方在线托福在这里为大家整理一篇托福独立写作的满分范文,供同学们参考!

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Some scientists areresponsible for the negative impacts made by their discoveries.


高分范文:

Undeniably, any breakthrough made in the field of science symbolizes not only the unmatchable intelligence of mankind, but also significant progress of human society. Some of the most noteworthy discoveries have rendered prestige to scientists due to the far-reaching benefits their achievements have brought to the entire human race. The Nobel Prize and many other high-ranking rewards in science further testify to the importance of scientific discoveries. Nevertheless, regarding the negative impacts produced by some discoveries, a number of people believe that scientists are to blame. In my opinion, such a prejudice should be eliminated.

In fact, everything in the world is double-sided, and scientific discoveries are no exception to this rule. In other words, science is a two-edge sword. If applied in the correct way, it will bring forth tremendous benefits to human beings. Conversely, the abuse or misapplications of scientific discoveries might lead to catastrophes. What's worse, thereis also the possibility that some ill-intentioned individuals take advantage of some scientific advancements to commit crimes or other immoral deeds. Radium is an epoch-making discovery made by Madam Curie. X-rays radiated from this element could serve for medical use to cure many fatal diseases including cancer. However, if it is not used in a proper way, the radioactive rays will do harm to human health. Another example lies in nuclear energy, which could be utilized to build nuclear power stations that serve the people. By contrast, the use of nuclear weapons will undoubtedly bring about nightmares to the entire human race. Therefore, it is the shared responsibility of all to guard against any possible hazards some discoveries might produce.

In order to make their discoveries beneficial to society, scientists have a duty to offer effective guidance that helps prevent any potential threats. For instance, before a new discovery is put to use for human needs, the discoverer is obligedto formulate official instructions which must include the most detailed introduction, the most accurate methods of application, and all the areas it can be used, as well as a listof potentialside effects or threats it might bring. These preparations are of vital importance, thus deserving wholehearted attentiveness on the part of scientists. Besides, governments should also shoulder the responsibility of supervising the applications of major discoveries, making sure that they are used legally and correctly.

In conclusion, the world of science is full of mysteries that need to be probed deeper by scientists. Without their painstaking efforts and wholehearted dedication, human society can never advance further. Therefore, in spite of those side effects hidden beneath the application of some discoveries, scientists still deserve acknowledgement and support from the general public. It is a combined responsibility for both the scientists and the ordinary people to prevent their negative impact.


中文翻译:

不可否认,科学界的任何一项突破不仅是人类无敌智慧的象征,也是人类社会重要进步的标志。有些举世瞩目的发现使科学家声名显赫,因为他们的成就为全人类带来了深远的福音。诺贝尔奖及许多其他高级别的科学奖项进一步证明了科学发现的重要性。尽管如此,一提到某些发现所产生的负面影响,有些人会认为这都是科学家的错。在我看来,人们应当消除这样的偏见。

事实上,世间万物都具有两面性,科学发现也不例外。换句话说,科学是一把双刃剑。若能正确利用,它会极大地造福于人类。相反,对科学发现的滥用或误用可能会招致灾难。更糟糕的是,某些心怀叵测的人可能会利用一些科学成果犯罪或进行其他不道德的勾当。镭是居里夫人的重大发现。此元素所发出的X射线应用于医学时,可以治疗很多包括癌症在内的绝症。然而,倘若应用不当,这种辐射性射线会危害人类健康。核能是另一个例子。核能可以用于建设为人类服务的核电站。相反,使用核武器无疑将是全人类的灾难。因此,防止任何科学发现可能带来的威胁是所有人共同的职责。

为了使其科学发现造福于社会,科学家有责任提供有效的指导以帮助防止任何潜在的威胁。例如,在新发现被人类应用以前,发现者有义务制定出官方使用说明,其中必须包含最详细的介绍、最精确的使用方法和所有可应用的领域,并且列出其可能产生的潜在副作用或危害。这些准备工作都是至关重要的,因此值得科学家全身心地关注。另外,政府也有责任监督重大发现的应用,以确保其合法性与精确性。

总而言之,科学的世界充满了奥秘,需要科学家进一步探索。若没有他们艰辛的努力和全心全意的奉献,人类社会将停止发展的脚步。因此,尽管有些发现在应用时有潜在的副作用,科学家仍然值得公众认可与支持。预防负面影响是科学家与普通群众共同的责任。


注释:

unmatchable adj. 不能匹敌的;无法对抗的

prestige n. 声誉;威望,声望

high-ranking adj. 高级别的eliminate vt. 消除;排除

double-sided adj. 有两面的

no exception to 无一例外

two-edge sword 双刃剑

conversely adv. 相反地;反之

abuse n. 滥用

catastrophe n. 大灾难;大灾祸

ill-intentioned adj. 恶意的

nuclear power station 核电站

nightmare n. 噩梦

be obliged to... 有义务做……;不得不做……

formulate vt. 制定;规划

side effect 副作用

painstaking adj. 艰苦的;辛勤的

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