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2023年11月托福综合写作+新题型机经汇总(附试题+范文)

2023-12-08 18:19:43来源:托福考试网

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11月4日托福写作:综合写作+新题型写作试题和范文

托福综合写作

主题:很多海洋生物在同一地区死亡的原因.

阅读

1.因为地震的原因,大陆和海洋的衔接处断掉,这个湖蒸发了,导致海洋生物死亡。

2.有virus导致的。例如海豚有病毒史,以往因为virus死掉的情况对后来的海豚也有影响。

3.海藻爆发有毒物质,食物链的缘故,从小到大的鱼都会受影响。

听力

1.一般湖水蒸发会留下大量的矿物质,但是有动物化石的地方没有太多的矿物质。

2.病毒只会导致一种或相似物种的动物死亡,很大的海洋生物同时死亡的情况不会是因为病毒引发。

3.很多海洋生物是不食用海藻的,同时也不会食用中毒的鱼。而且海藻本身还有的毒素量很少,所以不至于引起大规模消亡。

托福学术讨论试题

Your professor is teaching a class on sociology. Write a post responding to the professor’s question.

In your response, you should

· express and support your personal opinion

· make a contribution to the discussion in your own words

An effective response will contain at least 100 words. You have ten minutes to write.

Doctor Achebe:

Many companies provide important products and services but at the same time cause environment damages. Some people believe the way to prevent these companies from damaging the environment is for the government to require more penalties from them, such as higher tax and larger fine. Do you think it is a good idea?

Andrew:

A lot of companies make helpful products but hurt the environment too. I think the government should punish them more, like raising their taxes and fines, to stop the damage. Doing that would hold corporations accountable and force them to change in an impactful way. We can have both innovation and sustainability if governments incentivize it properly through penalties.

Claire:

I disagree that we should penalize corporations more for environmental damage. Many companies are already taking steps to adopt greener practices, and higher taxes or fines could discourage innovation and hurt the economy. Instead of punishing businesses, I believe the government should reward and incentivize sustainable choices through subsidies and tax breaks.

托福学术讨论范文

范文:

While imposing more penalties, as Andrew says, is effective in dissuading companies to cause further damage to the environment, by contrast, Claire also holds merit in the topic presented by the professor. Obviously, adopting the policy can contribute to environment protection. To be specific, not only can it serve as a deterrent but also, to some extent, encourage companies to adopt more sustainable practices, leading to conservation of natural resources, ecosystems, and biodiversity. However, the welcome effects will soon vanish, when companies spare no effort to evade the fear-based mechanism embedded in this strategy and successfully compensate for their monetary loss. In reality, it is coherently reasonable to believe that rejecting exorbitantly high taxes and penalties while contriving other moderate ways, such as raising citizen’s environmental awareness, would also be constructive to mitigating the negative impacts exerted on the environment from these companies in the long run. Of course, we cannot deny that being firmly resistant is not airtight, especially when the whole society hovers on the brink of collapse in the face of the environmental calamity. In conclusion, considering all the facts laid out above, we should be resilient in taking either side of the argument.

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