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托福听力中有哪些常见的惯用语

2017-10-13 10:33:53 来源:新东方在线托福资料下载

  为了帮助考生更好的备考托福听力,在考试中取得更加理想的成绩。新东方在线托福网为大家带来托福听力中有哪些常见的惯用语一文,希望对大家托福备考有所帮助。更多精彩尽请关注新东方在线托福网!

  1.all over the place:乱七八糟的;到处都是

  Paraphrase: completely disorganized or confused

  TPO: T13L2 – Ecology

  Yeah,well, there used to be beavers all over the place, something like 200 million beavers, just in the continental United States.

  这里曾经到处都是海狸,大概有200万只生活在美洲大陆上。

  2.all the rag:风靡一时

  Paraphrase: popular or fashionable at the moment

  TPO: T30L4 – Music History

  Before long, Hawaiian steel guitar music was all the rage in the mainland US.

  不久,夏威夷吉他就在美国本土风靡起来。

  3.at odd:争执;不一致

  Paraphrase: cannot agree or argue with someone

  TPO: T4L2 – Literature

  They try to fit in with the rest of the world even though it’s at odds with their beliefs and their identities.

  他们正努力融入世界,尽管他们和世界其他地方有着不同的身份和信仰。

  Tips: at odds是争执、不一致的意思,应该把它作为一个整体来熟悉和运用。odd可以当形容词,意意思是奇数的;古怪的;剩余的;临时的;零散的;也可当名词,意思是:奇数;怪人;奇特的事物;

  如:Although it sounded odd, this is the only way to describe this behavior.

  虽然听起来很奇怪,但是这是描述这一行为的唯一方法。

  It's not as though, oh, today is odd but maybe tomorrow it will be even.

  并不是说今天它是奇数,明天就是偶数了。

  而odds 只能当名词,意思是:几率;胜算;不平等;差别

  如:Sure, you can raise money but the odds of getting venture capital are high.

  当然了,你可以筹集资金,但是风险投资的几率也是非常高的。

  4.be that as it may:即使如此,尽管那样; 话虽如此

  Paraphrase: even so, even now

  TPO: T3L3 – Art History

  But be that as it may, whatever the exact date, whether it's 15,000, 20,000or 30,000 years ago, the Chauvet paintings are from the dawn of art.

  尽管如此,无论准确的日期是哪天,哪怕是在15000、20000还是30000年前,肖维岩洞的壁画都被认为是艺术的开端。

  5.do the trick:奏效,成功

  Paraphrase: go places, make a hit

  TPO: T19C1 – Student & Professor

  Yeah,I can see how that might do the trick. But, anyway, what I wanted to ask was, when you started talking about game theory.Well, I know a little bit about it, but I am not clear about its use in biology.

  是的,我已经看到效果了,但是,我还是想问一下,当你提到game theory的时候,我是有一定的了解,但是我不知道这个理论是如何运用在生物学中的。

  6.down the drain:浪费掉;徒劳;堕落

  Paraphrase: wasted or produces no results

  TPO: T4C2 – Student & Professor

  I know, but I didn’t want to risk the project going down the drain.

  我知道,但是我不能让这个项目冒功亏一篑的风险。

  7.drop in the bucket:沧海一粟,九牛一毛,杯水车薪

  Paraphrase: something is so small that it won't make any noticeable difference.

  TPO: T12L4 – Environmental Science

  It can generate 194 megawatts of electric power, but that’s just a drop in the bucket.

  它能产生194兆瓦的电量,但是也是杯水车薪。

  8.for the birds:毫无意义的

  Paraphrase: worthless or ridiculous

  TPO: T8L1 – Animal Behavior

  Studies have been done on the reproductive success rates for the birds in both areas, and the result showed surprisingly that the reproductive success was essentially the same in both areas – the preferred and the second choice habitat.

  关于繁殖的成功率的研究结论是毫无价值的,结果令人震惊地表明,繁殖的成功率在首选和第二选择的栖息地中本质上是一样的

  9.from scratch:白手起家,从头做起

  Paraphrase: from the beginning

  TPO: T4C2 – Student & Professor

  But we've got all the sources and its due next week. We don’t have time to start from scratch.

  但是我们已经找好各种资料了,截止日期是下周,我们已经没有时间重新来过了。

  10.get a handle on:控制,掌握,驾驭,左右

  Paraphrase: get something under control

  TPO: T25L4 – Animal Behavior

  Apparently,it also contributes to the development of a brain that's flexible, a brain that's quickly able to get a handle on unfamiliar situations.

  很显然,它对大脑灵活、快速的适应陌生环境有着重要帮助。

  11.heavenly body:天体

  Paraphrase: planet

  TPO: T18L1 – Astronomy

  That's because of their belief at the time that the heavenly bodies, the Sun,Moon,Stars and Planets, were perfect, without any flaws or blemishes.

  这是因为他们坚信所有的行星,太阳,月亮等等,都是完美无瑕的。

  12.high and low:到处

  Paraphrase:everywhere

  TPO: T5C1 – Student & Counselor at the University Counseling Center

  And it so happened that the cellist graduated last year. They’ve been searching high and low for a replacement, someone with experience.

  大提琴手去年毕业了,他们到处寻找有经验的接班人。

  13.how come:为什么,怎么会

  Paraphrase: disbelief or surprise

  TPO:T26L3 – Astronomy

  I mean, how come Halley’s is still there? After four and a half billion years. How could it be?

  我意思是,经过了45亿年哈雷彗星怎么还在那,怎么可能?

  14.let alone:更不必说;不打扰

  Paraphrase: to say nothing of…

  TPO: T22L2 – Astronomy

  we know the Sun’s current rate of mass loss, but if we assume that this rate has been steady over the last four billion years, the young Sun wouldn’t have been massive enough to have warmed Earth, let alone Mars, not enough to have caused liquid water.

  我们知道太阳现在质量在衰减,如果我们假设太阳质量衰减的速度是恒定的,那么经过40亿年,太阳将不再有足够的质量给地球提供热量,更不用说火星了,这些热量都不够形成液态水。

  15.off the hook:摆脱困境;脱身

  Paraphrase: avoid sth.

  TPO: T15C2 – Student & Biology Professor

  And that's supposed to be a quiet environment? Not exactly. My brother and parents try to keep it down when I am studying, but the phone pretty much rings off the hook, so ...

  本该是一个很安静的环境吧?事实却不是这样,在我学习的时候都爸爸和哥哥放低声音,但是电话却响个不停。

  16.pros and cons:利弊

  Paraphrase: advantages & disadvantages

  TPO: The question is how. I mean no one really thinks that, say a bee goes through weighing thepros and cons of pollinating this flower or that flower.

  问题在于怎样做到的。没有人会认为蜜蜂给花朵授粉的时候会去权衡一下这朵花和那朵花的利弊。

  17.put two and two together:根据事实推理

  Paraphrase: reach acorrect conclusion from the evidence; making inference

  TPO: T3L4 – Astronomy

  Sohe put two and two together, and decided there was an element in the sun that hadn’t been discovered here on the earth yet.

  所以他根据现有情况推断,太阳里有一种元素是我们至今都没有发现的。

  18.rule of thumb:经验法则

  Paraphrase: approximately

  TPO: T2C1 – Student & Professor

  .. like your parents. That’s usually my rule of thumb: would my parents understand this?

  例如你的父母。按我的经验我会问一句,我的父母能理解吗?

  19.spot on:完全正确

  Paraphrase: exactly right

  TPO:T29L4 – Structural Engineering

  There’sa reason I mentioned that figure of 36,000 kilometers. That’s about how high an object would have to be orbiting straight up from the equator to constantly remain directly above the exact same spot on the rotating planet Earth.

  就像我刚提到的,36000公里是近地同步卫星的最低轨道高度。

  20.take for granted:认为…理所当然

  Paraphrase: assume sth.Is real for sure

  TPO: T24L3 – Archeology

  Today we take for granted that there horizontal bands of plant communities.

  今天我们认为植物带的水平分布是理所当然的。

  21.tall order:离谱的要求,苛求

  Paraphrase: hard to achieve or fulfill

  TPO: T5C2 – Student & Professor

  It's still a pretty tall order, and we will be moving right along, so you will really need to stay on top of it.

  这始终是个苛刻的要求,我们要一直保持前进,你就必须保持在巅峰状态。

  22.tongue in cheek:不是认真的,虚情假意的

  Paraphrase:not seriously

  TPO:T12L1 – Biology

  That's the so-called JUNK DNA. Though the word junk is used sort of tongue in cheek.

  这就是所谓的“无用DNA”,不过junk一词在这里有点嘲弄的意思。

  以上就是新东方在线托福网为你带来的托福听力中有哪些常见的惯用语,更多精彩敬请关注新东方在线托福网

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