科学美国人60秒:随手可得的食品使肥胖率上升-托福听力下载

2017-02-05 15:54:00来源:科学美国人60秒

  科学美国人60秒中文翻译:

  Does it feel like everywhere you turn there's more food? 有没有走到哪里都是吃饭地方的那种感觉?

  Fast food joints like McDonalds and Taco Bell abound. 麦当劳和塔可钟这样的快餐连锁已经遍地开花。

  And big box stores like Costco,Walmart and Target sell mounds of groceries. 好市多、沃尔玛及塔吉特这样的大超市也在销售着成堆的食品杂货。

  Just the slightest pang of hunger and around the corner there's another restaurant or retailer enticing us to buy more food. 只要你稍微有饥饿的感觉,转角就会发现吸引你购买食品的餐馆或零售商店。

  Now a study finds that the sheer availability of all this food may be a big part of what is making us fat. 现在一项新的研究发现,在食品方面这种异常的购买便利性可能是造成我们变胖的一大原因。

  Charles Courtemanch, assistant professor in the school of policy studies at the University of Georgia, says that the steady rise in obesity rates is due, 乔治亚大学政策研究学院助理教授查尔斯?克特曼克表示当前肥胖率呈现稳步上升趋势

  in large part,to the constant incentives to eat. 很大程度上是由于对于吃的不断刺激所致。

  Courtemanche and his colleagues built a state-wide economic model of economic conditions that influence body weight: 克特曼克和他的同事建造了一个经济环境影响人们体重的全国经济模型:

  things like income and unemployment, food prices,retail outlet presence, as well as gasoline prices and the prevalence of fitness centers. 比如收入及失业情况、食品价格、零售商店的数量、汽油价格及健身中心的普及率。

  Their data showed that the presence of supercenters, warehouse clubs and restaurants are responsible for more than 40 percent of the rise in obesity. 研究数据表明特大购物中心,仓储式大商场及餐厅对于肥胖率上升要负40%以上的责任。

  The report was published by the National Bureau of Economic Research. 这份报告由国家经济研究局发布。

  So if you're trying to shed a few pounds,and you happen to be looking for a new place to live,pick the house closer to the gym over the one near the Walmart. 所以如果你正在尝试减肥但又恰逢在寻觅新住处,那我建议你找离健身房近而又离沃尔玛近的地方。

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