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2021托福听力练习:语言学习专家访谈

2021-03-03 18:12:09来源:网络

  如何提高托福听力成绩呢?新东方在线托福频道整理了《2021托福听力练习:语言学习专家访谈》,希望对大家有所帮助。

  托福英语听力练习:语言学习专家访谈

  练习题目:Learning Languages

  1. From the content of the conversation, where does this interview take place?

  A. at a public forum

  B. in an auditorium

  C. on TV

  D. in a classroom

  2. According to Dr. Adams, what is one of the most important points in learning a foreign language?

  A. exposing oneself to the target culture

  B. attending regularly a good language program

  C. coming up with a study plan

  D. developing good note-taking skills

  3. Dr. Adams suggests that:

  A. a realistic goal for learners is to reach a certain level of language proficiency, not native fluency.

  B. students can achieve native-like pronunciation through focused study.

  C. learners should interact with native speakers to gain greater fluency.

  D. teachers need to help students foster a good self-esteem and confidence.

  4. What kinds of activities would help Dr. Adams in his own study?

  A. listening to information and then discussing it with others

  B. reading books and magazines for news

  C. being involved in group or class projects

  D. keeping a journal and exchanging with a friend

  5. Which point was NOT mentioned in the interview?

  A. Many learners often favor a combination different learning styles.

  B. Pronunciation practice is key to improved comprehensibility.

  C. Setting reachable goals should be paramount in learning.

  D. Learning is a step-by-step process.

  答案:

  1. on TV

  2. coming up with a study plan

  3. a realistic goal for learners is to reach a certain level of language proficiency, not native fluency.

  4. being involved in group or class projects

  5. Pronunciation practice is key to improved comprehensibility.

  TOEFL托福英语英语听力原文:

  Talk Show Host: Good evening and welcome to tonight's program. Our guest is the world-known Dr. Charles Adams, who has sparked a great deal of attention over the past several years for his research in the area of language learning. His new book, Learning a Language over Eggs and Toast, has been on the best seller list for the past six weeks. Welcome to our program.

  Dr. Adams: Ah, it's a pleasure to be here.

  Talk Show Host: Now, Dr. Adams. Tell us about the title of your book, Learning a Language over Eggs and Toast.

  Dr. Adams: Well, one of the most important keys to learning another language is to establish a regular study program, like planning a few minutes every morning around breakfast time.

  Talk Show Host: Now, sorry for saying this, but your ideas may sound a little simplistic to our viewers. I mean I took Spanish in high school for four years, and I didn't become a proficient speaker of the language.

  Dr. Adams: Well , I think there are many people that feel that way, and that's just it. I'm not implying that we can become fluent speakers in a matter of a few minutes here and there, but rather following a regular, consistent, and focused course of study can help us on the way to the promised land of language mastery, and remember there is a difference between native fluency and proficiency in a language, and I am proposing the latter.

  Talk Show Host: So what are some of the basic keys you are suggesting in the book?

  Dr. Adams: Well, as I just mentioned, people need to plan out their study by setting realistic and attainable goals from the beginning. I mean, some people get caught up the craze of learning the language in 30 days, only to become disenchanted when they don't perform up to their expectations. And small steps, little by little, are the key. For example, planning to learn five new vocabulary words a day and to learn to use them actively is far better than learning 30 and forgetting them the next day.

  Talk Show Host: Um-hum. Now you mentioned something about maximizing your learning potential by learning about your own individual learning styles. Can you elaborate on that?

  Dr. Adams: Sure. People often have different ways of learning and approach learning tasks differently. Some people are visual learners who prefer to see models of the patterns they are expected to learn; others are auditory learners who favor hearing instructions, for example, over reading them. Now, our preferences are determined by many factors, for example, personality, culture, and past experience.

  Talk Show Host: Well, Dr. Adams. What is your learning style?

  Dr. Adams: Well, I'm a very tactile learner.

  Talk Show Host: You mean one who learns through hands-on experience?

  Dr. Adams: Exactly.

  Talk Show Host: So, how does knowing your learning style benefit you?

  Dr. Adams: Well, this might seem a little unusual, but moving around while trying to learn and memorize material helps me a great deal. While I cut up tomatoes and onions for my omlet in the morning, I might recite aloud vocabulary to the rhythm of the knife. But it is important to remember that often our learning styles are not singular in nature, but are often very multidimensional, and we tend to learn differently in different situations.

  Talk Show Host: So what is my learning style?.

  Dr. Adams: Well, you're going to have to read my book to find that out.Talk Show Host: Okay. We have just found out from Dr. Charles Adams, author of the book, Learning Languages over Eggs and Toast. Thanks for joining us.Dr. Adams: My pleasure.

  短语学习

  TOEFL单词短语学习:

  spark vt. 发动;鼓舞;求婚 (verb): to start or begin suddenly

  - His comments sparked a lot of controversy.

  establish vi. 植物定植 (verb): to set up or create

  - The parents established a cancer fund in memory of their son who died.

  imply vt. 意味;暗示;隐含 (verb): suggesting or leading someone to believe

  - I'm not implying that you shouldn't take the job. Just think about it a little more before accepting the position.

  disenchanted adj. 不再着迷的;不再抱幻想的;感到幻灭的 (adjective): disappointed or disillusioned with a feeling of not having been told the truth

  - He became disenchanted with life overseas and soon returned to his country.

  elaborate vi. 详细描述;变复杂 (verb): explain in more detail

  - Could you elaborate on your ideas on starting your company?

  tactile adj. [生理] 触觉的,有触觉的;能触知的 (adjective): the idea of touching

  - He is a very tactile learning and always benefits from hands-on activities like building things.

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