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2021托福听力练习:整容手术

2021-03-03 18:14:16来源:网络

  如何提高托福听力成绩呢?新东方在线托福频道整理了《2021托福听力练习:整容手术》,希望对大家有所帮助。

  托福英语听力练习:整容手术

  练习题目:Cosmetic Surgery

  1. According the mini lecture, which situation was NOT mentioned as an example for reconstructive surgery?

  A. A young child is severely burned in a house fire.

  B. A woman isn't satisfied with the shape of her stomach.

  C. A man lost part of his ear in a boating accident.

  2. What other effects do physical deformities have on the individual who bears them?

  A. a lack of self-worth

  B. inability to find work

  C. fewer educational opportunities

  3. What other services do volunteers provide to the country where they perform reconstructive surgery?

  A. fund-raising activities

  B. physical therapy

  C. local health care training

  4. How does this volunteer work benefit the providers of such surgical procedures?

  A. These experiences give doctors and nurses valuable in-field training opportunities.

  B. Volunteers establish connections for future medical research.

  C. Health care workers develop deeper understanding of the sufferings of others.

  5. What is one way everyday people can help such causes?

  A. educate themselves on the issues

  B. make financial contributions

  C. adopt unwanted children

  答案:

  1. A woman isn`t satisfied with the shape of her stomach.

  2. a lack of self-worth

  3. local health care training

  4. Health care workers develop deeper understanding of the sufferings of others.

  5. make financial contributions

  TOEFL托福英语英语听力原文:

  Cosmetic or plastic surgery often evokes images of famous personalities wanting to alter their appearances through elective surgical procedures. However, reconstructive surgery is a procedure that makes a similar, but different impact on the lives of many around the world, and many of these patients suffer from either congenital defects like a cleft palate or from injuries sustained in accidents or as a result of animal bites. Some disfigurements can also be due to the effects of disease or infection. Yet, the individual with such defects often bares more than just outward physical marks: loss of hope and self-worth as well as acceptance are commonplace.

  In the past, such procedures were only available in developed countries where the medical expertise and financial resources were available to afford such operations. However, a number of worldwide organizations made up of volunteers make regular visits to developing countries to provide reconstructive surgery to those who could not otherwise receive such care. In addition to the care they provide, these volunteer specialists also provide training to health care workers in these procedures so that local hospitals, nurses, and doctors can become self-sufficient.

  The end results of such efforts have transformed lives: the patient now can live with some normalcy and hope for the future with less fear of being ostracized by neighbors and family, and the health care worker who performs the procedure perhaps feels a greater understanding and compassion for those who suffer from such defects.

  There are many ways for people to assist in supporting these volunteer efforts. Although most people do not have the medical expertise to perform reconstructive surgery, they can still donate time, money, and supplies to such organizations. A quick search on the Internet can get you started.

  短语学习

  TOEFL单词短语学习:

  evoke vt. 引起,唤起;博得 (verb): bring up, call to mind

  - Seeing children in need of reconstructive surgery often evokes feelings of sympathy and concern.

  alter vt. 改变,更改 (verb): change

  - The woman thought she could alter her looks and personality by undergoing plastic surgery.

  congenital adj. 先天的,天生的;天赋的 (adjective): present at birth

  - Some congenital defects can be corrected with reconstructive surgery.

  disfigurements n. 缺陷;毁容;外形的损毁 (noun, also a verb, "disfigure"): a part of the body that has been damaged

  - The fire in the crash left her face and hands disfigured, and now she is seeking cosmetic surgery to repair the damage and give her more mobility to her fingers.

  afford vt. 给予,提供;买得起 (verb): have the financial means to do something

  - A great number of people around the world are in need of reconstructive surgery to improve their lives, but they can't afford the expense of such procedures.

  self-sufficient adj. 自给自足的;极为自负的;过于自信的 (adjective): able to provide for your own needs

  - Many health care workers in developing countries are still learning to become self-sufficient in terms of handling the medial needs of their people.

  ostracize vt. 放逐;排斥;按贝壳流放法放逐 (verb): expel or cast out from a group

  - The local community ostracized the young boy and his family because of his medical condition.

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