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托福写作高级词汇替换

2022-11-03 18:12:42来源:新东方在线托福 郭洁

新东方在线托福整理了托福写作考试时间、托福写作评分标准、托福写作模板等内容,今天带来的是托福写作高级词汇替换,希望对同学们的托福考试有所帮助!

前不久有一位同学给我提交了一篇作文,这篇作文的开头段从句子表达的质量来说,写得非常不错,但是从用词来说,5句话出现了4个people

The world's movie industry has witnessed unprecedented boom in recent years. Delighted with an ample supply of excellent motion pictures, people are thankful for the combined efforts made by people. Among these popular productions, serious movies and entertaining movies are the most influential. Some people are in favor of the former, saying serious ones evoke deeper thoughts, while other people support the latter due to their humor. According to my preference, I would express my appreciation for serious movies.

的确,托福独立写作的话题确实和“人”紧密联系,这就使得同学们无论写开头结尾,还是正文段的主题句、还是解释句、又或是举例,都有可能提到“人”。那么除了people,还有没有别的方式来表达”人“?

答案是肯定的~我们先看一下我给这位学员的一个修改:

The world's movie industry has witnessed unprecedented boom in recent years. Delighted with an ample supply of excellent motion pictures, global audiences are thankful for the combined efforts made by film crews. Among these popular productions, serious movies and entertaining movies are the most influential. Some viewers are in favor of the former, saying serious ones evoke deeper thoughts, while other fans support the latter due to their humor. According to my preference, I would express my appreciation for serious movies.

那么,接下来我给大家关于“people”的一些替换,大家可以收藏之后尝试背诵运用哦~

托福写作高级词替换

people:按年龄

infants 婴儿

kids 孩子们

children 儿童

teenagers 青少年

high school students 高中生

graduates 毕业生

young adults 年轻人

adults 成人

the elder 长者

按工作成长轨迹

applicants 申请人

trainees 受训人员

employees 员工

rookies 新手

subordinate staff 下属员工

colleagues 同事

co-workers 同事

managers 经理

executives 经理

superiors 上级

bosses 老板

employers 雇主

businessmen 商人

entrepreneurs 企业家

people:按职业

president of the Student Union 学生会主席

professors 教授

experts 专家

dean 院长

headmaster 校长

receptionists 接待员

deliverymen 送货员

programmars 程序员

salesmen 销售人员

housewives 家庭主妇

labors 劳动力

engineers 工程师

doctors 医生

lawyers 律师

scientists 科学家

merchants 商人

governors 州长

其他

audience 观众

authors 作者

citizens 公民

residents 居民

villagers 村民

netizens 网友

individuals 个人

everyone 每个人

passengers 乘客

consumers 消费者

tax payers 纳税人

working-class families 工人阶级家庭

the broad masses of people 广大人民群众

下面给大家一个任务,看看能不能把以下段落的people替换一下。

Involving the team in the decision process serves to widen people’s vision on how to achieve the team objective.

After all, the frame of reference of people, regardless of how able, is limited when compared with the cumulative experiences and knowledge of other people.

A clearly negative example of this is involved Henry Ford, the founder of the Ford Automobile Company. After the phenomenal success of the Model T, he grew increasingly arrogant and inflexible, discounting completely any input from other people and refusing to refine the Model T at the time when all other people were striving towards innovation. Trusting in what he believed was his instinct for the market, Mr. Ford refused to listen to other people’s urging to offer such innovative features as conventional gear shifts. By the middle of the 1920s, Ford Motors had lost its dominant position.

From this case, it can be seen that it was his unwillingness to let other people participate in decision making that cost him the dominant position in the automobile industry.

绞尽脑汁思考之后,不妨来看一下参考的修改版本吗?

Involving the team in the decision process serves to widen a leader’s vision on how to achieve the team objective.

After all, the frame of reference of an individual leader, regardless of how able, is limited when compared with the cumulative experiences and knowledge of the entire team.

A clearly negative example of this is involved Henry Ford, the founder of the Ford Automobile Company. After the phenomenal success of the Model T, he grew increasingly arrogant and inflexible, discounting completely any input from his subordinates and refusing to refine the Model T at the time when all other car manufacturers were striving towards innovation. Trusting in what he believed was his instinct for the market, Mr. Ford refused to listen to his subordinates’ urging to offer such innovative features as conventional gear shifts. By the middle of the 1920s, Ford Motors had lost its dominant position.

From this case, it can be seen that it was his unwillingness to let his team members participate in decision making that cost him the dominant position in the automobile industry.

大家也可以根据不同话题对“people”的替换词进行积累,比如交通类,我们可能会使用到开车的人private car drivers/motorists, 通勤者commuters, 行人pedestrians等,旅游类话题,我们可能会使用到游客visitors/travelers/tourists/holidaymakers,乘客passengers等词。

你学会了吗?希望下次看到大家的作文可不要再people满篇飞啦

你是否还想知道:

托福写作的万能理由整理

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