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托福听力快速提升计划:DAY20

2021-12-27 10:03:04来源:新东方在线托福

托福听力如何在短期之内快速提高?这份托福听力快速提升计划送给你,希望对你的托福听力有所帮助!

DAY20 训练任务

本节训练任务涉及到的音频及材料,同学们可以关注【新东方在线托福】,回复【XDF】,即可获得相关资料!

STEP 1 生词预习

authority [ɔː‘θɒrɪtɪ] n.权威,当局

authoritative [ɔː‘θɒrɪtətɪv] adj. 有权威的;命令式的;当局的

authoritative information 官方消息

tailor ['teɪlə] vt. 剪裁;使合适 n. 裁缝

invest [ɪn’vest]vt. 投资;购买

STEP2 听写

拿出纸和笔,点击音频,开始听写吧! (不许偷看答案噢)

STEP3 看原文对答案 & 精析文章

Literature Class

◦ Now, a number of things happen when an oral tale gets written down.

◦ First, the language changes. It becomes more formal, more standard - some might say, "Less colorful". It's like the difference in your language depending on whether you are talking to someone, or writing them a letter.

◦ Second, when an orally transmitted story is written down, an authoritative version with a recognized author is created. The communal aspect gets lost. The tale no longer belongs to the community. It belongs to the world, so to speak. Because of this, elements like place and time can no longer be tailored to suit a particular audience. So they become less identifiable, more generalizable to any audience.

◦ On the other hand, descriptions of characters and settings can be developed more completely. In folktales, characters might be identified by a name, but you wouldn't know anything more about them. But in fairy tales, people no longer have to remember plots. They're written down, right? So more energy can be put into other elements of the story like character and setting. So you get more details about the characters, about where the action takes place, what people's houses were like, ur, whether they're small cabins or grand palaces. And it's worth investing that energy because the story, now in book form, isn't in danger of being lost. Those details won't be forgotten. If a folktale isn't repeated by each generation, it may be lost for all time. But with a fairy tale, it's always there in a book, waiting to be discovered, again and again.

◦ Another interesting difference involves the change in audience. Who the stories are meant for? Contrary to what many people believe today, folktales were originally intended for adults, not for children. So why is it that fairy tales seem targeted toward children nowadays?

STEP4 跟读5遍

重点关注漏听、错听的部分,以及连读、爆破等语音现象,然后模仿;

跟读直到通顺,不磕巴。前两遍可看原文,后面尽量不看,直接听+跟读。

STEP5 不看原文,循环听5遍+

直至听到句子时,能捕捉到每一个单词,并立刻反应出句子的意思;

甚至还有余力思考前后句观点和文章逻辑。敲黑板!!!step4&step5非常重要!!!不做跟读和循环听的听写=假练习。step4和step5顺序可调换~

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